Symptoms are important but difficult to identify as each case is individual:
The first signs of MND vary from person to person. Some people we talked to first noticed weakness or stiffness in their legs or feet, while others found their arms or hands were affected. These symptoms are typical of the most common form of MND, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). For some people the first sign anything was wrong was weakness in the muscles around their throat and mouth, leading to problems with speaking or swallowing (known as bulbar onset MND). A few people noticed breathing problems early on. Occasionally people developed symptoms in different parts of the body at the same time, and a few also experienced mood swings or emotional changes (’emotional lability’). Sometimes after diagnosis people looked back and realised they had other symptoms too which at the time they had not really noticed or put down to some other cause.
The main symptoms:
MND symptoms are progressive and worsen over time. Symptoms initially experienced in distinct parts of the body will eventually spread to the rest of the body. MND does not usually cause cognitive problems or affect an individual’s intellect.
The main symptoms of MND:
- Muscle wasting (this is often first noticed in the muscles in one hand, or in one arm or leg)
- Muscle weakness (it might be difficult to open bottles or jars, carry heavy objects, or climb stairs)
- Fasciculations (involuntary contractions of part of a muscle, often felt as flickers of movement or small twitches just under the skin)
- Speech problems
- Swallowing problems and excessive saliva (drooling)
- Cramps and muscle spasms
In the later stages of MND, the muscles weaken in the chest, back and neck and people experience difficulties with breathing.
I hope you found this insightful,
Thank you for reading.